Retirement is the reward you receive after years of working hard at your job. It’s a time when your days are slow and leisurely, and you get to decide how to fill them. Most people dream of having a relaxing retirement, but unfortunately, many Americans have trouble saving up the money they need to retire. According to the Employee Benefit Research Institute’s 2016 Retirement Confidence Survey, only one in five American workers feels confident that they will have the money necessary to have a comfortable retirement. There are many reasons why Americans are feeling less and less confident about their ability to retire. Here are nine of the most common reasons why many Americans may never be able to retire.
1) They’re too Focused on Short-Term Saving Goals
Many Americans get caught up in the moment, and they focus more on short-term saving goals rather than saving for retirement. According to a survey by GoBankingRates, forty percent of Americans say saving for retirement isn’t a priority for them. It can be hard for younger Americans to think so far ahead when there are so many things they want to save for now. It’s much easier to save for something tangible, like a big trip, than it is save for something so far down the line like retirement. If this is something you struggle with, look at your budget and decide where you can cut back a bit. Then, put this money into your retirement savings account. When you do this, you may have a little less to spend on your short-term goals, but it will be worth it once you retire.
2) They Haven’t Made a Retirement Budget
Many Americans don’t realize exactly how much they’ll need during retirement. They may think that since they’re not commuting, and their kids are out of the house, they won’t have to spend as much as they did while they were working. While your expenses may go down when you retire, the only way to know exactly how much you need is to create a retirement budget. In your budget, be sure to put aside money for emergencies that could eat up your savings. You’ll also want to put money away for leisure activities. It’s a good idea to create your budget years before you retire—that way, you’ll know exactly how much you should be putting away. Creating a retirement budget will make it much easier for you to decide how much to save for retirement.
3) They Don’t Take Advantage of Company 401(k) Matching
Another thing many Americans struggle with is taking advantage of company matching on their 401(k). In a survey by Betterment for Business, 23 percent of people polled said they weren’t taking full advantage of their employer’s 401(k) match program. Taking advantage of company matching can help quickly build your retirement nest egg. Talk to your company’s Human Resources department and see how much you have to contribute to receive company matching. This number is different for every company, so it’s important that you discuss your company’s specific plan with HR. You’ll also want to find out if your company matches your contribution dollar for dollar or if they offer 50 cents for each dollar you put in. Once you find out the amount you need to contribute, make sure to put at least that amount in your 401(k) every year.
4) They Don’t Start Saving Early Enough
Many people don’t think about saving for retirement until they’re just a few short years from retirement age. If you start saving earlier, though, you could end up with a nice nest egg. For example, let’s say you begin putting away about $20 a week when you’re 25 in an account with a seven percent annual return rate. If you retired at 65, you’d get back about $215,000. The later you start saving, the harder it is to catch up. However, late is better than never, so even if you are just a few years from retirement, it’s a good idea to start saving now. Many Americans don’t realize how much they can save by simply putting a small amount of money away each week or month.
5) Their Job Doesn’t Offer a Retirement Plan
Not every company offers retirement plans, which can make it a bit trickier to save for retirement. In a survey by GoBankingRates, 19 percent of people polled said that their company doesn’t offer a retirement plan. However, there are still good options available. You can open a traditional IRA or a Roth IRA. There are numerous investment companies that you can go through to open the account, including E-Trade, Vanguard, and Wealthfront. Once you open your account, you can contribute up to $5,500 a year if you’re younger than 50. If you’re 50 or older, you can contribute up to $6,500 a year. Many of these companies also allow you to set up auto-deposits. That way, you won’t have to worry about remembering to contribute each month. Even if your company doesn’t provide retirement plans, it is still possible to start saving for retirement.
6) They’re Withdrawing too Much from Their IRA
Many Americans make the mistake of withdrawing too much money from their IRA each year. Many people want to use their hard-earned money right away, and they may feel that it’s worth losing a bit of their retirement funds. When you withdraw early, you’ll naturally have less to spend when you retire. Plus, on top of that, you’ll also be hit with early withdraw fees. If you withdraw from your Traditional IRA before you’re 59½, you’ll owe income tax on the money you withdrew. You’ll also have to pay a 10 percent early distribution penalty tax. Unless it’s an emergency, it’s best to keep your money in your IRA until you’re at least 59½. That way, you won’t have to deal with the high fees that can come from the early distribution penalty tax.